What are Domains? All Things You Should Know

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The word domain itself has been widely spread on the internet. However, do you really understand what a domain is? In short, a domain is a website address. The address you write in the URL bar of your favorite browser ending in .com, .co.id, .id, .ac.id is what is called a domain name.

What are domains?

Domain is the address that will take you to the website you are going to. Basically, a domain is a simple form of an IP address that is a complex combination of numbers. With so many websites scattered on the internet, memorizing the combination of numbers is certainly very difficult.

Domain function is a tool to identify a web hosting. An example of a domain, for example, is heavenhosting.com

HeavenHosting is the website you want to go to, while .com is the chosen domain extension. With a domain name, you don’t have to bother checking the IP address of the website you want to go to. Simple, right?

To have your own domain name, then you need to register the domain name you want. The domain will be registered with an organization called ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) which determines which domain extensions can be used.

When registering a domain name, you can choose your website name and domain extension as you wish.

But keep in mind, you cannot register a domain name that is already registered. Each domain name is a unique name, which means that no two active domain names will be exactly the same.

What are Domains and Subdomains?

Domains and subdomains are inseparable. Subdomains can be used to separate other domains that are still descendants of the main domain that you own. At Heaven Hosting, you can get a free subdomain if you have a domain registered here.

A subdomain is an alias of your domain. Usually, a subdomain will contain a more specific word or name than your entire website. blog.domain.com is a subdomain of www.domain.com. The word “blog” in front of “domain.com” is what is called a subdomain.

Subdomains are usually used so that the content in it is not mixed with the main content of the user’s website. If you have an online store but you also want to provide education about the goods you market, you can create a “blog” subdomain. With this subdomain, you will not be confused about placing articles without destroying the aesthetics of your online store.

Not only are they useful for separating custom content from your main domain, subdomains have other benefits. The uses of subdomains include:

Search engines see subdomains as unique websites that are not linked to your main domain. This means, your subdomain rankings can also go up and overtake the main domain. Of course, this means you can drag down competitors’ websites.

If used properly, subdomains can also be indexed quickly and benefit from the main domain.

In addition to subdomains, domains are also generally divided into three categories, namely Top Level Domains, Second Level Domains, and Third Level Domains.

TLD or Top Level Domain

Indeed, Top Level Domain is a domain extension that is behind the website name. TLD itself is a very popular extension. Among them, .com, .net, .gov, .org and others. Many prefer to use Top Level Domains for various reasons. One is because it is easier to remember and more common. This reason is usually used by websites that are more personal or do not refer to a particular organization. Top Level Domains also make hosting/client websites have a higher ranking on the Google search engine.

SLD or Second Level Domain

SLD is the domain name you registered. How to read the domain is from the very back, then continue to the front. Well, on the domain heavenhosting.com, the name “heavenhosting” is what is called the SLD. More simply, you can interpret the SLD as the name of your website.

Third Level Domain

Or what is often referred to as a subdomain. It is located at the very front of the unity of the URL of the domain name that you have. For example, “www.heavenhosting.com”, then “www” is what is categorized as a Third Level Domain.

Difference between TLD and gTLD Domain

There are two types of TLDs or domain extensions that are often used, namely gTLD and ccTLD. Most users don’t realize the difference, because they are often found on websites that rank high on search engines like Google.

gTLD or Generic Top Level Domain is a domain with a common extension and is the most widely used by users in the world. Domains contained in this type have the suffix .com, .net, .biz, .org, .edu, and others. Each extension also has its own explanation and use.

.com: used for commercial purposes
.biz: used for business purposes
.org: used for organizational purposes
edu: used for educational/educational purposes

ccTLD – Country Code Top Level Domain means that the domain will carry the identity of the country and show that the contents of the website are intended for people living in that country, such as domains with the initials .id, .sg, .au.

In Indonesia itself, there are many variations of domains that companies can use to complete their website URLs. For example:

.ac.id: used for academic/college environments with predetermined provisions and policies.
.co.id: used for commercial organizations that are only intended for the company.
.sch.id: used for academics/schools
.web.id: used by Indonesian individuals and organizations.

Addon Domain and Parking Domain

In addition to understanding what domains and subdomains are above, you must also be very familiar with these two terms. Usually, web hosting providers will offer you a free addon domain that you can use after purchasing a primary domain. At Heaven Hosting, you can get an addon domain if you choose a basic, intermediate, and expert web hosting package.

Addon Domain

Addon domains are domains that are added after you own your main domain. However, addon domains don’t work like subdomains. If the subdomain still uses your main domain name, the addon domain can become an independent domain with very different content. This domain will later go into a sub-directory in your web hosting’s public_html folder.

Even so, visitors to your second website may not realize that the domain is an addon domain. This is because it looks like a website with a separate domain.

For example, if exampledomain.com is an addon domain from tamangamein.com, then the sampledomain.com folder will be in the public_html folder belonging to tamangamein.com. However, the content on exampledomain.com can be very different from the main domain.

Parking Domain

Parking domain is a term you hear often. However, do you really understand what domain parking is? The term parked domain or parked domain is a domain name that points to your primary domain.

Then, what is the difference with a redirect? Of course it’s different.

Redirect is if you have the main domain example.com, then you create a new domain example.id. This example.id domain is redirected to the main domain, so that visitors who access the example.id domain will be redirected to example.com

Meanwhile, parked domains or parked domains work like this:

You have a main domain example.com then you create a domain example.net. Visitors accessing example.net will see the exact same page content as the example.com domain. However, if there is a link on the website, it will be redirected back to your main domain.

Conclusion

So, what is a domain?

Domain is the address that will take you to the website you want to visit. With a domain name, you save time memorizing very complex IP addresses. To own a domain, you need to register it first.

In Indonesia, there are many domain and web hosting providers. One of them is Heaven Hosting. At Hosting Heaven, you can get a unique domain name at a low price that suits your needs.

Please buy a domain at Heaven Hosting, you can click the link here

You also don’t have to worry about the domain extensions available at Heaven Hosting. Find com domain deals and other extensions and get your business online now!

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